Annapolis is is a city located in the central part of Maryland, the United States. the capital of the state. The population is 35,838 (Population census of 2000). An estimate of 36,217 in 2004, the number was slightly increasing. The area is 19.7 square kilometers. The city is situated at the mouth of the Severn River, which flows into Chesapeake Bay. It is one of the cities in the Baltimore-Washington metropolitan area and located about 45km to the south of Baltimore and east of Washington, D.C., respectively. The mayor has been Gavin Buckley since December 5, 2017.
Anapolis is known as a town in the Naval Academy. It sometimes refers to the Naval Academy and is called 'Anapolis.' The movie "Annapolis Seishun no Osei" (The Vow of Youth of Annapolis) directed by Justin Lin and James Franco, which was released in 2006, was set in the Naval Academy in this town.
Anapolis is also known as the America's Sailing Capital (the American Sailing City), and is also known as a yacht mecca. There is a large marina on the bank of Spa Creek flowing south of downtown and flowing into the Chesapeake Bay.
It was in 1649 that a settlement named Providence was established on the north bank of the Sibans by the Puritans who were expelled from the Virginia colony. It was William Stone who led the Puritans. Before long the settlers moved to the south bank near the more protective port, and built one after another the Procters' town, the town of Siburn, and the town of Ann Arandell. Ann Arandel was named after the wife of Lord Baltimore, who died shortly after. Around this time, the town flourished in slave trade. In 1694, the Catholic Government collapsed, and Governor Francis Nicholson made the town the capital of the colony, and renamed the town to the present Anapolis after Princess Ann. However, it was in 1708 that Anapolis became an official city.
From the middle of the 18th century to the outbreak of the War of Independence, Anapolis was known for its rich and refined society. Mariland Gazette, a highly important weekly magazine, was first published in 1745 by Jonas Green. The theater opened in 1769. Until this time, commerce had prospered in Anapolis. However, when Baltimore entered the port in 1780, the status of Anapolis as a port town declined rapidly, and the main industry of the city was only processed by oyster. In present-day Anapolis, many recreational vessels such as yachts and cruises are found instead of the fishing industry from this period.
After the Paris Convention was concluded in 1783 and the War of Independence ended, Anapolis became the first capital after the independence of the United States. The United States Congress was held in Anapolis from November 26 of the same year to June 3, 1784. It was also Anapolis that George Washington resigned from the position of colonial commander on December 23, 1783. Later, the capital moved to Trenton, New Jersey.
In September 1786, the Anapolis Council was held in order to remove barriers to interstate commerce among the states, each having independent sovereign power under the Coalition Code. However, only five states of New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, New Jersey and Delaware participated. The conference was held for four days, but the results did not come out here and the agenda was carried over to the reconference in Philadelphia. The Constitution of the United States of America was enacted before the reconference in Philadelphia. In 1808, Congress banned the importation of slaves and put an end to the slave trade that has long supported Anapolis.
During the American Civil War, the Parole Camp was placed in Anapolis. As the war lasted, the camp spread to the outside of the city. The area where the camp was located is still called Pail Roll. In addition, large hospitals were established in Anapolis, and they were in charge of the treatment of wounded soldiers regardless of the Northern Camp or the Southern Camp captives.
Anapolis is known as a town that retains many historic buildings. The official residence of the colonial representative, built in the late 17th century, remains near the building of the state's Finance Bureau. The Saint Anne's Protestant Episcopal Church was a state church in the colonial era. Many dwellings built in the 18th century still remain. Several streets in the city have names that remind people of the colonial era: King George, Prince George, Hanover, Duke of Gloucester, and so on.
The University of St. John's, a liberal arts college with a campus in Anapolis, is the third oldest university in the United States after Harvard University and William & Mary University. The school was originally founded in 1696 under the Maryland Colonial Law, and was founded in 1701 as the King Williams School. The typical building, McDowell Hall (McDowell Hall), was originally scheduled to be built as the official residence of the Governor-General of the Colony of Maryland, and was approved 4,000 pounds in 1742, but it was not until after the Independence War that it was completed. In 1789, the King Williams School was reorganized as a higher education institution and became the present St. John's University.
Maryland State Capitol
The Maryland State Capitol is the oldest legislative building in the United States as it is still used today. Construction of the Capitol started in 1772, and the first State Assembly was held in 1779. The roof of the building is the largest wooden dome built without nails in the United States. From November 26, 1783 to August 13, 1784, Anapolis became the capital of the United States, and the Maryland State Capitol served as the Federal Assembly Hall. On January 14, 1784, the Paris Convention was ratified at the Capitol.
The Capitol is known as the place where George Washington applied to Congress for the resignation of the Supreme Commander of the Army on December 23, 1783. Washington urged Anapolis to be the permanent capital of the United States. It is also said that Washington was so attached to the Maryland State Capitol that when the United States Capitol was built in Washington, D.C. later, Pierre Charles Ranfan was ordered to design the building in a manner similar to the Maryland State Capitol.
A statue of Thurgood Marshall stands to the north of the Maryland State Capitol. Marshall, a lawyer from Baltimore, won numerous civil rights trials. Later, he became a judge, and in 1967, he became the first black judge of the Supreme Court in history.
Roger Tony, who spent his days as a legal apprentice in Anapolis and later became the Attorney General of the United States, the Secretary of Finance of the United States, and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, is standing there. There is also a statue of Johan de Karb, a military man from Germany who served as Army Major General in the War of Independence.
Along with the Maryland State Capitol, the Naval Academy, a symbol of Anapolis, was built on the grounds of the Army Base in 1845. Today, the entire site of the base at that time is the campus of the Naval Academy. The campus is located on the east side of the downtown area near the mouth of the Siban River which flows into Chesapeake Bay.
Anapolis has an ultra-long transmitter called the NSS Annapolis. The transmitter is used by the United States Navy to communicate with the Atlantic submarines.
Anapolis has two famous theaters in its historic district. Colonial Players in East St. is a community theater with a circular stage in which spectators sit around the stage. Six performances are held annually at the theater. In addition, a performance is also held at the Annapolis Summer Garden Theater during the summer. The theater can also be seen from the port of Anapolis. All the performances at the theater are performed by a theater group of students from the local St. John's College, and the admission fee is free.
45km east of Washington D.C., at latitude 58 minutes 23 seconds north and longitude 76 degrees 30 minutes 4 seconds west (38.972945, -76.501157). Anapolis is the capital of the 50 states in the United States, closest to the capital.
According to the United States Statistical Bureau, Anapolis City has a total area of 19.7km² (7.6mi²). 17.4km² (6.7mi²) is land and 2.3km² (0.9mi²) is water area. The area accounts for 11.70% of the total area.
Anapolis is located on a plain on the Atlantic coast, with a relatively flat terrain. The climate is characterized by hot summer and cold winter and distinct four seasons. In the climate division of Keppen, it belongs to a warm wet climate (Cfa).
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
- Population: 35,838
- Number of households: 15,303 households
- Number of Families: 8,676 families
- Population density: 2,056.0 people/km² (5,326.0 people/mi²)
- Number of Homes: 16,165 houses
- Residential density: 927.4 doors/km² (2,402.3 doors/mi²)
- White: 62.66%
- African American: 31.44%
- Native American: 0.17%
- Asians: 1.81%
- Pacific Islands: 0.03%
- Other races: 2.22%
- Mixed: 1.67%
- Hispanic Latino: 8.42% - Increasing in recent years
- Under 18: 21.7%
- 18-24 years old: 9.3%
- 25-44 years old: 33.4%
- 45-64 years old: 23.7%
- Over 65 years of age: 11.9%
- Median Age: 36 years old
- Sex ratio (male population per 100 women)
- Total population: 90.0
- Over 18 years of age: 86.8
Households and family (number of households)
- We have children under 18: 24.5%
- Married and living together: 36.6%
- Single, divorced, and deceased women are householders: 16.3%
- Non-family: 43.3%
- Single Family: 32.9%
- Elderly people aged 65 and older live alone: 9.2%
- average number of constituent members
- Households: 2.30
- Family: 2.93 people
income and family
- median income
- Households: 49,243 US dollars
- Family: 56,984 US dollars
- Male: 39,548 US dollars
- Female: 30,741 US dollars
- Income per population: 27,180 US dollars
- below poverty line
- Population: 12.7%
- Number of Relatives: 9.5%
- Under 18: 20.8%
- Over 65 years of age: 10.4%
Anapolis has a sister-city relationship with the following cities:
- Tallinn (Estonia)
- Zhenhai City (Republic of Korea)
- Newport (Wales, UK)
- Danfries (Scotland, England)
- Wexford (Ireland)
- Anapolis Royal, CA
- Carl Scruna (Sweden)
- Redwood City, CA
- Annapolis official website (English)
- United States Naval Academy (English)
- Annapolis and Anne Arundel County Conference and Visitors Bureau (English)
- Historic images of Annapolis (English)
- City-Data.com - Annapolis, Maryland
- Annapolis, MD (Yahoo!Map Map)